Princip očiglednosti Jana Amosa Komenskog kao temelj razvoja pedagoških istraživačkih tehnika i instrumenata

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Title Princip očiglednosti Jana Amosa Komenskog kao temelj razvoja pedagoških istraživačkih tehnika i instrumenata
Tytuł równoległy: Principle of evidence of John Amos Comenius as a basis for the development of pedagogical research techniques and instruments
Autor: Maksimović, Jelena; Sretić, Sanja
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11331/3382
Date: 2019
Źródło: Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne. Seria Pedagogika. Nr 6 (2019), s. 257-269
Abstract: Metodologija pedagogije pripada najmlađoj grupi pedagoških disciplina. Prve misli o bazičnim postulatima metodologije pedagogije prepoznate su davno, još u pedagoškoj paradigmi Jana Amosa Komenskog (1592-1670) koji je stvorio potporu za metodologiju pedagogije kao sastavne komponente pedagoške nauke. U radu je nakon predstavljanja bazičnih koncepata pedagoške teorije ovog moravskog mislioca razmatran princip očiglednosti u njegovoj pedagoškoj teoriji. Načinjen je osvrt na uticaj koji je Komenski ostavio na njegove sledbenike Žana Žaka Rusoa (1712-1778) i Johana Fridriha Pestalocija (1746-1827) naročito sa aspekta daljeg razvoja principa očiglednosti u njihovim teorijama obrazovanja. U ovom radu potvrdili smo našu hipotezu o kompatibilnosti principa očiglednosti sa istraživačkim tehnikama i instrumenatima. Proaktivno delovanje Komenskog predstavlja prekretnicu ne samo na polju razvoja pedagogije kao nauke i njenih disciplina već i na polju razvoja čovčanstva uopšte. S tim u vezi, otvara se potreba za formiranjem nove pedagoške discipline, Komeniologije koja će dati novu perspektivu ovom pedagoškom doajenu i negovati kritički osvrt u odnosu na njegovu pedagošku teoriju. U skladu sa našim predmetom istraživanja, izneli smo neke naše dileme i pitanja na koja bi Komeniologija kao nova naučna disciplina mogla dati odgovor, a time i svojevrstan naučni doprinos. Na temelju dosadašnjih metodoloških dostignuća Komeniologiji ostaje u zadatak da možda u pedagoškim postulatima Komenskog otkrije poreklo drugih istraživačkih tehnika i metoda, da utvrdi celishodnost primene pedagoških principa Komenskog s obzirom na promene i izazove pred kojim se nalazi savremeni nastavni proces, otvori pitanje pedagoško psiholoških kompetencija nastavnika za primenu zlatnog pravila Komenskog i drugih njegovih principa, da nastavi angažman Komenskog na kvalitativnom podizanju vaspitne funkcije savremene škole ali i da eventualno razmotri uticaj drugih faktora (porodično okruženje) koji mogu uticati na izbor nastavnih principa i metoda.
Description: The methodology of pedagogy belongs to the youngest group of pedagogical disciplines. The first thoughts about the basic postulates of the methodology of pedagogy were recognized long ago, even in the pedagogical paradigm of John Amos Comenius (1592-1670), who created support for the methodology of pedagogy as an integral component of pedagogical science. After the presentation of the basic concepts of the pedagogical theory of this Moravian thinker, the principle of evidence in his pedagogical theory is considered in this paper. A review was made of the influence Comenius left on his followers Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) and Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827), especially from the point of view of further development of the principles of evidence in their education theories. In this paper, we have confirmed our hypothesis about the compatibility of the principle of evidence with research techniques and instruments. Proactively action by Comenius represents a turning point not only in the field of pedagogy development as a science and its disciplines, but also in the field of human development in general. Regarding that, there is a need for a new pedagogical discipline, Comeniology, which will give a new perspective to this pedagogical doctrine and will foster a critical review in relation to his pedagogical theory. According with our research subject, we have presented some of our dilemmas and questions to which the Comeniology as a new scientific discipline could give an answer, and therefore a kind of scientific contribution. Based on the previous methodological achievements, Comeniology remains committed to discovering the origins of other research techniques and methods in the pedagogical postulates of Comenius, to determine the applicability of the Comenius pedagogical principles with regard to the changes and challenges facing the contemporary teaching process, to open the issue of pedagogical psychological competencies of teachers for the application of the golden rule of Comenius and its other principles, to continue engagement of Comenius in the qualitative educational function of a modern school, but also to consider the influence of other factors (family environment) that may influence the choice of teaching principles and methods.

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