Идея европейской политической интеграции в истории международных отношений и Великобритания

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Title Идея европейской политической интеграции в истории международных отношений и Великобритания
Autor: Grubinko, Andriy
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11331/2418
Date: 2016
Źródło: Historia i Świat. 2016, nr 5, s. 247-262
Abstract: The article examines the historical origins and characteristics of Great Britain’s European policy from the Middle Ages to the II World War in the context of general trends of development international relations in Europe. Special attention is p aid to the analysis of theoretical concepts of leading European political integration. Views of the European (continental) and English (Br itish) thinkers and politicians on the problem of European political unity are presented. According the author’s conclusions we may confirm about the specific British model of European integration and participation the country in processes of regional political association. The imperial strategy of “splendid isolation” in XVIIIth –XIXth centuries was embodied in the main principle of the Britain’s European policy and formulated in 1930 by Winston Churchill: “We are with Europe but don’t belong to it.” At the same time, the political thought of UK was developed in line with European trends. William Penn, John B ellers, Jeremy Bentham, James Lorimer put forward their own vision of European political unity . During the II World War the idea of European integration has gain ed popularity . The originality of British culture, great practical historical experience of European policy , supported by theoretical projects of European political un ity formed the necessary basis for the start process of practical implementation idea of European political integration durin g the second half of the ХХth century

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