The Himyarite "knight" and Partho-Sasanian art

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Title The Himyarite "knight" and Partho-Sasanian art
Autor: Skupniewicz, Patryk
Date: 2016
Źródło: Historia i Świat. 2016, nr 5, s. 57-75
Abstract: The Himyarite slab from Zafar contains several distinctive features shared with some Parthian and Sasanian art pieces, but its relation with Naqš-e Rostam friezes proposed by Yule and Robin does not seem convincing. 1. It shows a rider clad in lon g scale armor an alogically to a terracotta tile from the British Museum (fig. 9); 2.There is an infantry attendant with an axe depicted over the mount’s rump similarly to the Tang-e Sarvak frieze, where there are two foot warriors and a battle axe too (fig. 7); The horse p osition on Tang-e Sarvak is either standing or r earin g as on discussed relief. 3. Round shield and raised right hand with a lance as on Ṭāq-e Bostān relief (fig. 12). 4.The lay out of the original p iece must have therefore been squarish rather than horizontally extended, with the opp onent of the main figure marginalized. The refore Himy arite artisans either followed unknown or not preserved Iranian iconographic pattern or combined the features of different canons. Yule and Robin h ave p ointed out that simp le snaffle was dep icted in place of elaborate and d ecorative Sasanian bridle, an element usually pronounced in Sasanian art but not always clear ly marked in Parthian icono gr ap hy , esp ecially in smaller objects. It cannot be however exclud ed that the slab rather follows a Roman tradition cap tured in local taste.

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