The problem of female poverty in Kazakhstan today

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Title The problem of female poverty in Kazakhstan today
Autor: Shadinova, Gulzira Abilasanovna; Japparova, Raushan Turganaliyevna; Yakhiyayeva, Gulmira Sharipovna
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11331/1660
Date: 2016-12-22
Źródło: Przemiany w aktywności społeczno-kulturowej i opiekuńczo-wychowawczej. Wyzwania współczesnej Europy = Transformations in cultural, social and educational activity. Challenges towards contemporary Europe / collective work scientific edited by Agnieszka Roguska, Alicja Antas-Jaszczuk. - Siedlce : Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, 2016, p. 183-188
Abstract: Poverty scale among women of the southern Kazakhstan is considered in this article. The article deals with the problems connected both with institutional changes in the economy of Kazakhstan and with the formation at the micro level of a new economic type of thinking among wom- en for whom poverty identification is rationalized as a problem, developing new strategies of economic behavior and the strategy of adaptation to vital difficulties. The problem of female poverty is aggravated with hidden discrim- ination, inadequate system of social protection that preserves existence of the problem of feminization of poverty. Social and psychological manifestation of feminization of poverty is mainly based on distribution of adaptive tenden- cies, humility with vital difficulties, decrease of a subjective self-assessment, decrease in women’s social behavior activity. Permission of this problem is connected as with institutional changes in the economy of Kazakhstan, and with the formation at the micro level a new economic type of thinking among women in order to identify and rationalize poverty as a problem but also develop new strategies of economic behavior and the strategy of adaptation to vital difficulties. The results of the research have shown that the process of adaptation to vital difficulties, overcoming of poverty is perceived by women differently. The strategy of adaptation to vital difficulties is in a stage of for- mation. Analysis of the reasons of women poverty in the southern areas of the Republic has shown that most women are inclined to confer responsibility for a difficult financial position rather for the state, than for the internal specific features and individual strategy of behavior. Thus, most women perceive pov- erty as external, depending on the state and its social and economic policy.

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