Hospitality vs identity: the European alternative on the background of migr ation conflicts

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Title Hospitality vs identity: the European alternative on the background of migr ation conflicts
Autor: Bud'ko, Maryna
Date: 2016-12-22
Źródło: Przemiany w aktywności społeczno-kulturowej i opiekuńczo-wychowawczej. Wyzwania współczesnej Europy = Transformations in cultural, social and educational activity. Challenges towards contemporary Europe / collective work scientific edited by: Agnieszka Roguska, Alicja Antas-Jaszczuk. - Siedlce : Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, 2016, p. 55-66
Abstract: Intensification of migration processes in modern Europe has led to numerous clashes of identities both in interpersonal and in general cultural dimension provoking intellectual and social conflicts around cultural differ- ences between “us” and “them”, between “natives” and “foreigners”, between “masters” and “guests” and actualizing the problem of accepting the Other, rethinking the idea of hospitality as a social practice and as an expression of charity. Considering the fact that the history of the Christian church and vicissitudes of spiritual and moral search demonstrate unique experience of the idea of hospitality transformation, particularly in non-equilibrium states of culture, and trying to find mechanisms to solve modern problems in cultural history, we will make an attempt to understand the causes and consequences of the identity crisis of Western Christian Church in the Middle Ages, which culminated in separation of hospitality and charity. It seems that now, as almost a millennium ago, the outburst of migration and provoked by it massive violations of both the Master Code and Guest Code once again actualize the alternative – hospitality in a set of social forms or identity? Only the scale is different and with it is the “price tag”: if previously the identity of Western Christian Church was meant, then today it is the identity of Western Christian culture. Thousands of years ago, separating hospitality and charity, the church declined only hospitality as a social stereotype that threatened its identity, but preserved the idea of hospitality as a way to exercise charity – for those who are really in need of charity, and not for those who claim to it violently and demand it.

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