Jihadism expansion in Egypt after 2011 on the example of Anasar Bayt al-Maqdis, Sinai Province and other structures

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Title Jihadism expansion in Egypt after 2011 on the example of Anasar Bayt al-Maqdis, Sinai Province and other structures
Autor: Stempień, Marta
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11331/1197
Date: 2016-09
Źródło: Myśl Ekonomiczna i Polityczna 2016, nr 3(54), s.211-226
Abstract: In the nineties of the twentieth century Egypt fought with a wave of terrorism and bombings carried out by jihadi organisations. With the beginning of the new millennium, this wave weakened, although in 2004–2006 spectacular terrorist attacks occurred. However, the ‘Arab Spring’ led to the destabilisation of Egypt and brought a new wave of terrorism, much more extreme than the previous one. In the past four years endemic problems have grown, and sporadic terrorist incidents have evolved into a rebellion. The scale of the links built by the Islamic State in Egypt results from the relative proximity in relation to its territorial units in Iraq and Syria. In addition to the Libyan cells, Sinai Province seems to be the most developing branch. However, it should not be overestimated, because its structures are not as advanced as those created in Mesopotamia, although certainly jihadists of IS are able to carry out effective terrorist attacks, which is confirmed by numerous aforementioned cases. With weak state control, marginalisation of tribal communities and rooted jihadist activism, Sinai Province seems to have a relatively large impact on the change of the local dynamics. Since its inception it has intensified its activities and generated new challenges to the security of Egypt, though we must not forget that next to this structure other extremist groups operate. The main challenge for President Abd al-Fattah as-Sisi and the Egyptian security forces is the restoration of the stability of the state. The expansion of jihadism and an increase in the number of terrorist attacks, mainly in North Sinai, but also in other parts of the state prove that Egypt will have to fight a long war of attrition against Islamist and jihadist groups in order to achieve this goal.

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